Glossary

Due to the nature of Developed in Birmingham, there is an awful lot of photography jargon being used. We want to make sure everyone knows what we’re talking about with daguerreotypes and all-the-other-types… so we have produced a glossary of photographic terms:

Camera Obscura – From the latin, ‘dark room’. A darkened box (of a range of sizes) with a convex lens or aperture for projecting the image of an external object on to a screen inside. Came before the modern camera, which captured the image, rather than just projecting the image.

Cyanotype – A type of early photographic process, creating a blue and white image, the term ‘blueprint’ used in architectural plans comes from the use of this process, to replicate plans.

Daguerreotype – The first publicly available photographic process using an iodine-sensitized silvered plate and mercury vapour.

Raspberry Pi is a low-cost, micro computer that was originally intended to help spur interest in computing among school-aged children. The Raspberry Pi is contained on a single circuit board and features ports for: HDMI. USB 2.0.

Wet Plate Collodionalso called collodion process , early photographic technique invented by Englishman Frederick Scott Archer in 1851. The process involved adding a soluble iodide to a solution of collodion (cellulose nitrate) and coating a glass plate with the mixture.

Pinhole CameraA pinhole camera is a simple camera without a lens but with a tiny aperture, a pinhole – effectively a light-proof box with a small hole in one side

Ste Croix Monsieur de Sainte Croix is a person from the 19th century. He’s believed to be one of the first people to take photographs of Birmingham, in daguerreotype form.

Wolcott Camera – An early type of camera, which took daguerreotype photographs.

Henry Fox Talbot A British scientist, inventor and photography pioneer. One of the founders of Photography as a whole.

George Shaw – The image of “a white house in Paradise” Street was made by George Shaw (left) (1818-1904) “one of Birmingham’s most remarkable although not specifically prominent men”. Shaw was a Patent Agent, a professor of Chemistry at Queens College (Paradise Street), an artist and a scientist. It is said that Shaw produced this first photograph in 1839 within two days of the publication of Daguerre’s process. The image is now lost.

Paradise Street – Where it is believed that one of the first photographs of Birmingham was taken.